About Manufacturing Panchagavya Mahalakshmi Thiruvilaku/Diya


The present invention relates to a lamp made using a novel composition based on Panchagavya with the combination of leaves used in traditional herbal medicine for making lamp suitable for lighting at temples, homes. The present invention more particularly relates a lamp which gets burnt completely and leaves behind useful ash/residue/bhasma which can be used in a number of useful applications.


Panchagavya or Panchakavyam is a concoction prepared by mixing five products of cow and used in traditional Indian rituals. The three direct constituents are cow dung, urine, and milk; the two derived products are curd and ghee. These are mixed in proper ratio and then allowed to ferment. Panchagavya is a term used in Ayurveda to describe five major substances obtained from cow, which include cow’s urine, cow’s milk, cow’s ghee, cow’s curd and cow’s dung.


U.S. Patent No.6410059 discloses a pharmaceutical composition comprising an antibiotic and cow urine distillate in an amount effective to enhance antimicrobial effect of the antibiotic; the antibiotic can be an antifungal agent. The antibiotic can be a quinolone or a uoroquinolone. The antifungal agent can be azoles, clotrimazole, mystatin or amphotericin).


U.S. Patent No 6896907(the cited invention relates to a novel pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of bio-active fraction from cow urine distillate as a bioavailability facilitator and pharmaceutically acceptable additives selected from anticancer compounds, antibiotics, drugs, therapeutic and nutraceutic agents, ions and similar molecules which are targeted to the living systems. for its medicinal properties, particularly for its use along with antibiotics for the control of bacterial infection and fight against cancers).

In the prior art, lamps used for worshipping generally known as “Diyas” are majorly earthen diyas, metal diyas. These diyas use oil, wax and ghee as a source for burning the wicks. The wicks are mostly made of cotton. The diyas after burning if reused by washing will waste lots of water in the cleaning process. Indian Patent application 

201621028924 discloses eco-friendly camphor diya which are made from the composition of chemicals used for water purification and contain Alum (Potassium alum), Sodium Chloride and few other chemicals known for its properties to purify water.Lamp made up of cow dung, cow ghee and essential oil is a known in the literature (https://aajtak.intoday.in/story/diwali-eco-friendly-diya-made-of-cow-dung- mosquitos-1-957938.html). Lamp Pot made up of cow dung is also a part of the literature (http://www.krishnaleelagroup.com/gir-cow-gold-mine/)

Problems identified:


Lamps made out of metals such as bronze, brass, silver are lit in temples and homes during festivals as a part of celebrations/rituals and they all need frequent cleaning and lots of water is wasted during the cleaning process and the surfactant based synthetic chemicals used for cleaning cause environmental pollution.

Solution provided by the present invention

  1. To avoid water wastage, and to prevent
  2. environmental pollution and to enhanceair purification,the present have invented a lamp made up of natural ingredients for one time use only as this lamp gets burnt slowly and completely when the oil/fatgets burnt. Single use lamp of the presentinvention and its leftover ash/residue/bhasma in any form whether reused or not, remains planet/ eco-friendly without carbon emission footprint while in use and thereafter. Ritual of lamp lighting during worship/festivals results in environmental pollution. However, this panchagavya and herbal leaves containing lamp invention will lead to a  positive behavioural change in people and thus preventand completely nullify/neutralize environmental pollution.


Advantages of the present invention


  1. Water consumption will reduce.
  2. Efforts to clean will be reduced.
  3. Synthetic surfactants and chemicals based dish washerswill not be needed forcleaning lamps and thereby reducing        the environmental pollution.   Reuse of ash: the lamp burns along with the cotton wick when lit using ghee or oil and leaves behind ash/ residue/ bhasma; the ash/residue bhasma can be reused to smear on our forehead, as a dishwasher, as a mosquito repellent, as bio fertilizer for improving the growth factors in the soil for growing plants.

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