Field Of Innovation
The present invention of ZBZ relates to a Panchagavya based composition comprising Panchagavya with the combination of herbs used in traditional herbal medicine (from both Ayurveda and siddha medicine) for preventing or reducing tobacco-associated damage in a subject. The present invention more particularly relates to nicotine free or nicotine containing compositions useful to be made in the form of a Cigarette, Cigar, Bidi and Gutka tablet based on Panchagavya and combination health promoting herbal medicine and to prevent reduce the health hazards caused due to smoking/chewing nicotine containing products.There by We are Re Defining the Smoke Free and Tobacco Free World.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
HERBAL OLIO (TOBACCO RE DEFINED) OPTIMISED FOR TOBACCO FREE FUTURE
Nicotine or tobacco when smoked reduces vitiated kapha and vata dosha and increases Pitta dosha. Nicotine vapour can reach the brain quickly due to smoking or passive smoking. People start smoking to get stress relief and can get highly addicted due to stressful work/ life style. Prolonged and excessive use of tobacco smoking due to addiction leads to serious health hazards.One of the best ways to quit smoking is by herbal smoking itself. Herbal smoking is known as Dhumapana in Ayurveda and pugai in Siddha medicine and according to these traditions, a subject who wishes to take care of his or her health should inhale herbal smoke to treat or to prevent the onset of diseases associated with Kapha and Vata. Herbal smoking is the best alternative for regular smoking. When the herbs get burnt, it leads to a smoke dispersion of fine particles of medicinal compounds, and this when inhaled increases one’s pitta, antagonizes subject’s kapha and has a cleansing action on the air passages. The aggravated doshas, especially the kapha, seated in the nose, throat and chest, are subsided with dhumapana. Combined with ahealthy diet, physical exercise, and yoga techniques/therapies such as pranayama and kapalabadhi, herbal smoking may help people to get rid of smoking habit easily, without any adverse effects. Herbal smoking is the first step to overcome the craving for nicotine.
Ayurveda is an ancient Hindu traditional medicinal system native to the Indian subcontinent which is based on the three concepts: Gunas, Dravyas and Doshas in which Gunas means qualities, Dravya means five elements (ether, air, fire, water and earth) and Dosha means movement (Kapha, Pitta and Vata). Gunas are of three basic types: i.e., Sattva or pure, Rajas or excitable and Tamas or indifferent (inertia).Human body is made up of Panchamahabhutas, the five elements of creation i.e., ether (space), air (movement), fire (transformation), water (fluidity) and earth (crystallization) which are principle sources of atomic energy, electrical energy,radiant energy, chemical energy and mechanical energy, respectively for the body. Imbalance in Panchamahabhutas results in diseases and they need to be balanced for removal of diseases and maintenance of good health and this can be done using the Panchagavya due to their inherent association with the five elements which is as follows: Cow dung- Earth, Cow urine-Water, Cow Milk-Fire, Cow Curd- Air and Cow Ghee Space.
Panchagavya or Panchakavyam is a concoction prepared by mixing five products of cow and used in traditional Indian rituals. The three direct constituents are cow dung, urine and milk; the two derived products are curd and ghee. These are mixed proper ratio and then allowed to ferment. Panchagavyais a term used in Ayurveda to describe five major substances obtained from cow, which include cow’s urine, cow’s milk, cow’s ghee, cow’s curd and cow’s dung.
U.S. Patent No.6410059 discloses a pharmaceutical composition comprising an antibiotic and cow urine distillate in an amount effective to enhance antimicrobial effect of the antibiotic; the antibiotic can be an antifungal agent. The antibiotic can be a quinolone or a fluoroquinolone. The antifungal agent can be azoles, clotrimazole, mystatin or amphotericin.
U.S. Patent No 6896907 relates to a novel pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of bio-active fraction from cow urine distillate as a
bioavailability facilitator and pharmaceutically acceptable additives selected from anticancer compounds, antibiotics, drugs, therapeutic and nutraceutic agents, ions and similar molecules which are targeted to the living systems for its medicinal properties, particularly for its use along with antibiotics for the control of bacterial infection and fight against cancers.
In, nicotine–free herbal smoking compositions are mentioned.WO2006/061848 A1 relates to a novel nicotine free anticigarette herbal formulation
as an anti-dote to the poisoning effects of tobacco products such as Cigarettes, Gutka,Pan masala and other similar tobacco related products. Formulation(s) comprises of sterilized dried plant powder/extracts together with the conventional additives to form the oral dosage forms, which include tablets, capsules, syrup and powders ready for suspension and mouth spray. The anti-tobacco addiction herbal formulation comprises of Sesbania grandiflora, Catharanthus roseus, Ocimum sanctum, Myristica fragrans, Elettaria cardamomum, Carum copticum, Syzygium aromaticum,Cinnamomum tamala, Acorus calamus, Zingiber officinale, Piper nigrum,Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Cuminum cyminum, Nigella sativum, Cinnamomum camphora, Piper longum Ocimum gratssimum and Hemidesmus indicus.
US20070042054 relates to a herbal formulation comprising the synergistic combination of fiber/powder/granules of the aerial parts of at least two plants selected from the group comprising Marticaria chamomilla, Hygrophila auriculata, Aquilaria agallocha, Valeriana wallichii, Nordostachys jatamansi, Artemisia pallen, Papaver somniferum (mainlyleaf), Evolvulus alsinoides, Ficus benghalensis, Echinopsechinatus, Lobelia nicotianaefolia, Mucuna pruriens, Tribulus terrestris and along with one or more flavoring agents selected from essential/aromatic oils. These compositions are aromatic and have a pleasant smell, are non-irritants, non-itching, and have no toxic-effects, no breathing problems, no bronchial irritation, and no pain in nose, ear and throat, no headache, not allergic. There are no health hazards or health risk in normal subjects when the person attempts to reduce their use of nicotine or non-nicotine bidis and cigarettes or stop using such products altogether. At the same time the composition strengthens the person’s immune system allowing the person to define against the respiratory disorders.
U.S. patent 20040103908 describes herbal cigarette free from the existing tobacco cigarettes containing a predetermined mixture of different herbs packed in the filtered or non-filtered cigarette paper tubes. U.S. Patent No. 6,497,234 relates to a mixture of herbs and other natural products that can be used as a healthy substitute for tobacco and also alleviates the addictive effects of nicotine and provides an aid to quit smoking tobacco-related products. Whereas, the U.S. patent 20050061828 invention relates generally to the field of packaging machines which provides for the packaging of at least two types of smoking products consisting of tobacco cigarettes/cigars and bidis. In U.S. Patent 2005/0279373A1, a smoking material that comprises a dried preparation of COPLEY, OH 44321 (Us) Fenugreek leaves mixed with other powdered spices and honey has been cited. This smoking material can be used alone or can be combined into mixtures with smoking tobacco, if desired. The smoking composition, which is aromatic is free of nicotine and contains health-promoting herbs.
Another invention anti-cigarette herbal formulation as an antidote to tobacco isdisclosed in U.S. Patent 7534454B2. It discloses anti- tobacco addiction herbalformulation which comprises of Sesbania grandiflora, Cantharanthus roseus, Ocimum sactum, Myristica fragrans, Elettaria cardamomum, Carum copticum, Syzygium aromaticum, Cinnamomum tamala, Acorus calamus, Zingiber offcinale, Piper nigrum, Cinnmomum zeylanicum, Cuminum cyminum, Nigella sativum, Cinnamomum camphora, Piper longum, Ocimum gratissimum 5 and Hemidesmus indicus. There are also commercially available tobacco alternates e.g. Nirdosh herbal cigarette.http://www.naturalcart.in/nirdosh-herbal-cigarettes-120-packs.html Electronic cigarettes (or “e-cigarettes”) have been developed as an alternative to traditional cigarettes as a means for volatizing active components (US6041789), such as nicotine, for inhalation without combustion, while at the same time providing the user with an oral experience similar to that of traditional cigarette smoking. Smoke free nicotine containing e-cigarettes available in the current market are better from a pollution point of view for the passive smoker but the ill effects of nicotine continue to haunt.
Adhatoda vasica: Adhatoda vasica is well-known in both Ayurvedic and siddha medicine. The patents consisting Adhatoda vasica are used for treating asthma
(US6746694), allergy (US6746694), malnutrition, chronic cough, cold (US7247322). Cinnamomum tamala: The important studies conducted on Cinnamomum tamala are for its hypolipidemic effects, anti-diabetic and antioxidant, anti-ulcer, anti inflammatory, anti-diarrhoeal, immunosuppressive and anti-bacterial. Few
formulations Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education & Research 1:12-44 (2011) containing Cinnamomum tamala has been patented and are used for the treatment of diabetes (US5886029) and antidote to tobacco (US20060137702).
Coriandrum sativum: Various activities of Coriandrum sativum include anthelmintic, anti-implantation, anti-microbial, anti-mutagenicity, antioxidant and
hepatoprotective, anxiolytic, sedative, muscle relaxant, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, cardio protective, anti-dote for lead intoxication. It has produced anaphylaxis in a patient. Some interesting uses of patented formulations containing Coriandrum sativum are cigarettes which aid to stop smoking (EP1201142), hair coloring (US7172632), sleep inducing antacid (US20030013639), treatment of HIV associated conditions (US20020182272), and gastric ulcer (US20050089583). Sitopaladi powder, amalaki, ginger and turmeric, Bombusa arundinacia (Ext), Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Elettaria cardamomum (Fruit), Piper longum (Fruit) will aid to stop smoking as well as anti-dote for intoxication.
Literature that are available does not teach tobacco containing as well as tobacco–free products Cigarette, Cigar, Bidi and Gutka tablet made using all five products of cow known as Panchagavya to balance the five elements in the human body and the herbs Adhatoda Vasica powder, Curcuma longa (turmeric) powder used in Ayurveda and siddha medicine and Citrus limon peel powder for neutralizing/reducing health hazards
which are due to the imbalance in kapha and vata due to nicotine abuse.
No matter how one consumes tobacco, it is dangerous to our health and affects our entire body. Tobacco in all forms is dangerous for human health and causes various diseases such as heart attack, hypertension, strokes, pulmonary disease and cancer. Smoking is a leading cause of lung cancer whereas oral cancer is mainly caused by chewing of tobacco. Similar to the first hand smoking, passive smoking also affects a healthy human. Governments of most of the countries do not want to stop the use of tobacco and related products because it is one of the major sources of their income. The health hazards caused by tobacco products hugely outweighs any economic benefit coming through their manufacture and sale. Although it will be a big challenge to stop the complete use of tobacco but it is not an impossible task to bring in behavioral change.
Solution Provided by ZBZ
Most people cannot switch immediately to nicotine–free versions due to addiction and may suffer nicotine withdrawal symptoms. The present inventor has found that nicotine containing or nicotine-free composition of the present invention based on Panchagavya and combination of herbs are capable of making the patient quit their nicotine addiction. The present inventor has found that the combination of herbs which are chosen in the present invention along with Panchagavya with Health Promoting herbal combination will make the patient eventually quit their nicotine addiction.